Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu or BJJ is a combat martial art and sport that uses different technical maneuvers to obtain positional dominance where one can control a threat with highly effective ground fighting tactics.
One of the benefits of BJJ is that a smaller, weaker person can defend against a larger, stronger opponent by using proper positioning, technique and leverage.
ORIGINS OF BJJ
Brazilian Jiu Jitsu is a martial art of Japanese origin that was born in the early 1900’s. Ju in Japanese means “gentleness,” and jutsu means “art” or “technique”. Therefore the literal translation is “gentle art.”
Mitsuyo Maeda, a Judo expert and champion prize fighter traveled to Brazil where he met Gastao Gracie. He taught Gracie’s son Carlos who eventually taught his brothers as well. The youngest brother, Helio Gracie was frail and of slight build and found it difficult to perform the techniques his brother had taught him so he modified the techniques to accommodate his size. Instead of mainly focusing on strength and speed he emphasized the use of leverage and timing. He eventually modified all the techniques he had learned and together with his brother Carlos, created Gracie/Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.